Pretreatment electroencephalographic features in patients with childhood absence epilepsy
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CitationÖzçelik, E. U., Çokar, Ö., & Demirbilek, V. (2022). Pretreatment electroencephalographic features in patients with childhood absence epilepsy. Neurophysiologie Clinique, 52(4), 280–289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucli.2022.07.003
Objective To analyze the ictal and interictal electroencephalographic (EEG) features in newly diagnosed childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) and determine the association between seizure onset topography, interictal focal spike-wave discharges (FSWDs) and accompanying clinical features of absence seizures. Methods The authors searched the EEG database for a definite diagnosis of CAE according to ILAE 2017 criteria. Video-EEGs of untreated pediatric patients during sleep and wakefulness were evaluated retrospectively. Results The study included 47 patients (25 males, 22 females). Interictal FSWDs were observed in 49% of patients with CAE during wakefulness and in 85.1% during sleep (p = 0.001). Interictal FSWDs were most frequently observed in the frontal regions (awake: 34%; asleep: 74.5%), followed by the posterior temporoparietooccipital region (awake: 21.2%; asleep: 36.1%), and the centrotemporal region (awake: 6.4%; asleep: 8.5%). Eleven patients (23.4%) had polyspikes during sleep. Both bilateral symmetric and asymmetric seizure onset were noted in 32%, whereas focal seizure onset was observed in 14.9% of the patients. Absence seizures with and without motor components were seen in 72.3% and 61.7% of patients, respectively, and in 33% of patients both occurred. There were no associations between the existence of interictal FSWDs, focal/asymmetric seizure onset, and absence seizures with and/or without motor components. Conclusion Asymmetric and/or focal seizure onset, interictal FSWDs, and absence seizures with motor components are commonly observed in drug-naive CAE. This study found no association between seizure onset topography, interictal FSWDs, and semiological features of absence seizures.